KARAKTERISTIK, HAMBATAN-HAMBATAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI USAHA KECIL MENENGAH (Studi kasus UKM Batik Tulis Trusmi di Desa Trusmi Wetan dan Kulon Kecamatan Plered Kabupaten Cirebon)

Authors

  • Suripto Suripto Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Iman Krismanto Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Keywords:

Small and Medium Enterprises, SMEs, production, characteristics, barrier

Abstract

This study discusses the characteristics, constraints and factors of production of Trusmi written batik SMEs in
Trusmi Wetan and Trusmi Kulon Villages, Plered District, Cirebon Regency. The objectives of this study are:
(1) analyzing the characteristics of Trusmi handmade batik seen from business owners, the output/products
produced and marketing, (2) analyzing the difficulties/obstacles experienced by Trusmi handmade batik UKM,
(3) analyzing the influence of factors -factors of production against the amount of batik production Trusmi.
This study uses statistical analysis tools both descriptive and inferential. Descriptive analysis is used to
determine the characteristics, difficulties and obstacles experienced by SMEs in batik writing. Multiple linear
regression is used to determine the effect of variable raw materials, wages, labour, education and business
experience on the amount of Trusmi written batik production in Trusmi Wetan and Kulon villages, Plered
District, Cirebon Regency. The results showed that (1) the characteristics of owners/entrepreneurs of Batik
Tulis Trusmi as many as 15 (50%) craftsmen started their business background from generation to
generation/inheritance and as many as 15 (50%) the rest were independent business backgrounds. The level
of craftsman education is dominated by high school and the average age of the craftsman is 51 years. Products
produced by craftsmen in the form of hem/shirt, sarong, shawl and marimbist in their marketing crafters supply
several showrooms in Trusmi and are sent to several regions, (2) batik artisans experience difficulties and
obstacles in terms of capital, raw materials and human resources, (3 ) multiple linear regression using
individual test (t-test) shows that raw materials and wages have a positive and significant effect on the amount
of batik production, while the amount of labour, education and business experience does not affectt

References

Ariefianto, M. D. (2010). Ekonometrika Esensi dan

Aplikasi Menggunakan Eviews. Jakarta,

Indonesia: Erlangga.

Arsha, I. R., dan Ketut Suardikha Natha.(2013).

"Pengaruh Tingkat Upah, Tenaga Kerja dan

Modal Kerja Terhadap Produksi Industri

Pakaian Jadi Tekstil (Studi Kasus di Kota

Denpasar). E-Jurnal EP Unud (Agustus), hal.

-400.

Arsyad, L. (1999). Ekonomi Mikro. Yogyakarta,

Indonesia: BPFE-Yogyakarta.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2014). PDB Atas Dasar

Harga Konstan 2000 Menurut Lapangan

Usaha. Jakarta. Indonesia.

Batik Tulis Trusmi Cirebon-Budaya Batik Yang

Berdimensi Ragam Hias [Online]. Retrieved

from http://batiktrusmi.co/batik-trusmi-

cirebon-budaya-batik-yang-berdimensi-

ragam-hias/ [4> Oktober 2014].

Boediono. (2011). Ekonomi Mikro: Pengantar Ilmu

Ekonomi No. 1 (Sinopsis ed.). Yogyakarta,

Indonesia: BPFE-Yogyakarta.

Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan.(2014). Daftar

Perajin Batik Kabupaten Cirebon 2013.

Kabupaten Cirebon.

Disperindagkop dan UKM.(2014). Nilai produksi

Batik Pekalongan.Kota Pekalongan.

Giyanto. (2010). Pengaruh Modal Usaha, Tenaga

Kerja, Tingkat pendidikan, Pengalaman

Usaha, Jangkauan Pemasaran dan Krisis

Ekonomi Terhadap Keberhasilan Batik di

Kampung Batik Kliwon Kecamatan Masaran

Kabupaten Sragen. Tesis. Surakarta:

Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Hakim, A. (2010).Analisis Efisiensi dan

Produktivitas dengan Menggunakan Metode

Data Envelopment Analysis dan Malmquist

Productivity Index (Studi Kasus di PT Semen

Gresik (PERSERO) Tbk).Skripsi.

Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan

Kalijaga.

Mandala, A. (2012). Peran Pendidikan, Pengalaman

dan Inovasi Terhadap Produktivitas Usaha

Kecil Menengah. Skripsi. Semarang:

Universitas Diponegoro.

Mankiw, N. G. (2006). Principles Of Economics:

Pengantar Ekonomi Mikro (3 ed.). (C.

Sungkono, Trans.) Jakarta, Indonesia:

Salemba Empat.

Masnedi. (2014). Akses Modal UKM: Batik Tulis

Trusmi Cirebon Terhambat Modal [Online].

Retrieved from

http://industri.bisnis.com/read/20120801/87/8

/akses-modal-ukm-batik-trusmi-cirebon-

terhambat-modal.[4 > Oktober 2014].

Muha. (2011). Sejarah Batik Tulis Trusmi [Online].

Retrieved from

http://sanggarbatikkatura.com/classic/Sejarah

%20Batik%20Trusmi.html.[ 4 . Oktober

.

Nicholson, W. Christopher Synder. (2010).

Intermediate Microeconomics and Its

Aplication (11 ed). USA: South-Western

CHENGAGE Learning.

Putong, I. (2013). Economics: Pengantar Mikro dan

Makro(Ed. 5). Jakarta, Indonesia: Mitra

Wacana Media.

Samuelson, P. A., dan Nordhaus, W. D. (2003). Ilmu

Mikro Ekonomi (17 ed.). (N. Rosyidah, E.

Anna, & C. Bosco, Trans.) Jakarta, Jakarta,

Indonesia: PT. Media Global Edukasi.

Sarnowo, H., dan Danang Sunyoto. (2013).

Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi Mikro (Teori &

Soal) (Terbaru ed.). Yogyakarta, Indonesia:

CAPS.

Soekesi, A. E. (2013). Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas

Produk Batik Untuk Meningkatkan Daya

Saing di Pasar Global Pada Sentra Batik

Pasirsari Pekalongan. Prosidding Seminar

Nasional Menuju Masyarakat Madani, hal. 23-

Sudarsono.(1995). Pengantar Ekonomi Mikro.

Jakarta, Indonesia: PT. Pustaka LP3ES.

Sudrajat, A. (2012). Indonesia Impor Batik Senilai

Rp 285 Miliar [Online].Retrieved from

http://www.kemenperin.go.id/artikel/5715/20

,-Indonesia-Impor-Batik-Senilai-Rp-285-

Miliar.[4 > Oktober 2014].

Sukirno, Sadono. (2005). Mikro Ekonomi: Teori

Pengantar (3 ed). Jakarta, Indonesia: PT Raja

Grafindo Persada.

Sutopo, I. (2011). Produktivitas dan Ketahanan

Bisnis Usaha Kecil Menengah (Studi Empiris

Industri Batik Tulis Trusmi Kecamatan Plered

Kabupaten Cirebon).Dinamika Keuangan dan

Perbankan (Nopember), hal.102-112.

Published

2020-05-16